1. Vulnerability Management: Identifying and assessing vulnerabilities, threats, and risks in OT systems and creating a risk-based inventory and alignment with IT systems. Developing risk management frameworks and plans to proactively mitigate the impact and likelihood of incidents.
  1. Security Controls: Implementing processes and technologies to protect OT environments from external and internal cyber-attacks. Establishing secure methods of authentication, authorization, and encryption of data. Monitoring systems to detect unauthorized changes, malicious actors, and data theft.
  1. Governance: Developing and implementing policies, standards, and procedures to protect OT systems, including limiting access, validating software changes, and auditing user activity.
  1. Incident Response: Assessing and responding to cyber incidents in a timely and efficient manner, performing forensic analysis to identify root cause, and establishing protocols and timelines for incident communication, containment, damage control, and business recovery.
  1. System Operability: Proactively monitoring and maintaining OT systems, ensuring security and compliance while ensuring maximum performance and availability of mission-critical functions.
  1. Data Protection: Establishing and enforcing procedures to protect confidential and proprietary data from unauthorized access and malicious actors. Establishing data backup and disaster recovery solutions to ensure data is available in the event of an incident.
  1. Resilience Testing: Conducting exercises to test the effectiveness of established resilience strategies, procedures, and plans in order to validate that they meet necessary security, compliance, and operational objectives.
  1. Business Continuity Planning: Establishing plans and protocols to ensure operations can quickly resume in the event of a cyber incident. This includes testing, validating, and revising these plans on a regular basis to ensure readiness for any eventuality.
  1. Awareness Programs: Developing and implementing initiatives to educate employees and stakeholders on the importance of cyber hygiene and how to mitigate OT threats. 
  1. Collaboration and Sharing: Participating in sharing initiatives with industry peers and vendors to obtain timely threat intelligence and best practices for defending OT environments.